Ramadan is the holy month of the year full of blessings and mercy, which helps us grow spiritually by worshipping and making a strong relationship with Allah Almighty. Ramadan has many significant but also some most important occurred events in Ramadan.
9 Historical Events in Ramadan
The historical events in Ramdan occurred are as below,
The revelation of the Quran
The Holy Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan. It is narrated in the Quran.
شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ ٱلْقُرْءَانُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَٰتٍ مِّنَ ٱلْهُدَىٰ وَٱلْفُرْقَانِ ۚ
The month of Ramadhān [is that] revealed the Qur’ān, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion.
The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) would often retreat to Cave Hira to seek Solace, where Angel Jibrail came with the revelations of the first five verses of Surah Alaq. The Holy Quran was sent down in parts upon the Prophet over 23 years.
Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid’s death-10th of Ramadan
Hazrat Khadijah (RA) was the beloved wife of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), a mother of all the believers. She is the first who accepts Islam and supports the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in every phase of life.
She died on the 2nd of Ramadan after ten years of Prophethood.
It is narrated by Hazrat Aisha (RA) that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said of Khadijah,
“She believed in me when no else did, she embraced Islam when no one else did, she embraced Islam when people disbelieved me; and she helped and comforted me when there was no one to lend me a helping hand.”
Shortly after the death of Hazrat Khadija bint Khuwaylid’s Prophet Muhammad (SAW) ‘s uncle Hazrat Ali Ibn (RA), that’s why it is called the “Year of Grief.”
Birth of Hasan Ibn Ali (RA)-15th of Ramdan
Hasan Ibn Ali was the son of Ali ibn Abi Talib and Fatima bint Muhammad and the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), elder brother of the Imam Hussain ibn Ali, born on the 15th of Ramadan in the 670 CE. His wife, Jada bint al-Ashat, poisoned him. He belongs to the group of the five most holy persons whom Prophet Muhammad (SAW) called “The People of the House.” After his father, he was considered by many of his contemporaries to be the rightful heir to Muhammad’s position of leadership.
Death of Aisha Bint Abu Bakr- 17th of Ramadan
Aisha bint Abu Bakr is the youngest and third wife of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), daughter of the first Caliph and most beloved companion of Prophet Muhammad(SAW), Caliph Abu Bakr(RA). She is called the “Mother of the Believers”. She played an important role in Islam; she contributed to spreading the message of Muhammad (SAW) and served the Muslims almost 44 years after the death of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
She was 67 years old when She died at her home in Madina on the 17th of Ramadan. Abu Hurairah, the companion of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), buried her in Jannat ul Baqi after the tahajjud Prayer.
Victory at Battle of Badr-17th of Ramadan
During the second Hijra, the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and His companions, on the 17th of Ramadan, set out to fight their battle against the Meccans. The enemy significantly outnumbered the believers at the time. Allah sent down angels to aid the Muslims during the battle, thus resulting in victory.
وَلَقَدْ نَصَرَكُمُ ٱللَّهُ بِبَدْرٍ وَأَنتُمْ أَذِلَّةٌ ۖ فَٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
And already had Allāh given you victory at [the battle of] Badr while you were weak [i.e., few]. Then fear Allāh; perhaps you will be grateful.
In the Battle of Badr, Abu Jahl, the enemy of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) killed.
Conquest of Mecca- 10th-20th of Ramadan
After a few years of the Battle of Badr in the eighth year of Hijra, between the 10th-20th of Ramadan, the conquest of Mecca occurred means the capture of Mecca, led by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) entered with an army of ten thousand to conquer Mecca, and it was a peaceful conquest. It ends the idol worship and Paganism in Arabs. It is the turning point for Muslims, both spiritually and Politically.
Caliph Ali Martyrdom- 21st of Ramadhan
Hazrat Ali ibn Talib, the fourth Caliph and the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), went to the Mosque on the 19th of Ramadan, where Ibn Muljam attacked and wounded Caliph Ali ibn Talib on His head with the poisoned-dipped sword. Hazrat Ali (RA) said at the moment, while blood oozed from His fatal wound,
فُزْتُ وَ رَبِّ الْكَعْبَة
By the Lord of ‘Kaaba’, I have succeeded.
Hazrat Ali (RA) got injured on the 19th of Ramadan and passed away on the 21st of Ramadan after 40 years of Hijrah.
Five Blessed Nights-Last Ashra
The last Ashra has held specific significance as Allah shows more mercy on His believers. These days are considered to seek refuge from Hellfire. Prophet Muhammad SAW used to sit I’tikaf in these days and advice His companions as well,
In another hadith, A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said:
“With the start of the last ten days (of Ramadan), the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to tighten up his loincloth, stay up at night and keep his family awake.”
And the most crucial significance of the last ten Days is Laylatul Qadr.
Hazrat Aisha (RA) narrated that Allah’s Apostle said,
“Search for the Night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.”
Laylatul qadr- The pious Night
Laylatul Qadr, the Night of Power, when the Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in the Cave of Hira, is narrated in the Quran,
إِنَّآ أَنزَلْنَٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ ٱلْقَدْرِ
Indeed, We sent it [i.e., the Quran] down during the Night of Decree.
The significance and virtues of Laylatul Qadr have been mentioned in the Surah Qadr,
وَمَآ أَدْرَىٰكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ ٱلْقَدْرِ
And what can make you know what is the Night of Decree?
لَيْلَةُ ٱلْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ
The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months.
تَنَزَّلُ ٱلْمَلَٰٓئِكَةُ وَٱلرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
The angels and the Spirit [i.e., Gabriel] descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter.
سَلَٰمٌ هِىَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ ٱلْفَجْرِ
Peace is until the emergence of dawn.
Allah blessed His believer with every chance for repentance and mercy. And Laylatul Qadr is the best example. Laylatul Qadr has countless blessings and rewards; every good act will be equivalent to eighty-three years of good deeds.