Holy Quran was revealed in the holy month of Ramadhan. It is a source of true guidance for all mankind. Nowadays, with the facility of Qur’an Online Academies, you can read Qur’an while sitting at your home. Fasting is obligatory for every Muslim except for the one who is sick or on a journey. Ramadhan is a month of blessings, spiritual reflection, increased devotion, worship, and improvement.
The Noble Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) has said:
“It (Ramadhan) is the month, whose beginning is mercy, its middle, forgiveness and its end, emancipation from the fire.” (of hell)
Three Stages (Ashara) of Ramadan
According to a narration, Almighty Allah has divided Ramadan into three stages the first ten days reflect the mercy of Almighty Allah; the other ten days represent forgiveness of Almighty Allah, while the last ten days represent safety from the fire of Hell. There is no doubt in the fact that Ramadan is a month of mercy and forgiveness, it also provides the opportunity for all believers to be saved from the fire of Hell. Although the complete month of Ramadhan is a blessed one and it overflows with Grace and Mercy. A Muslim is also blessed with a night (Laila-tul-Qadr) which is better than a thousand months.
The word Ashra is an Arabic word, and it means ten. There are three Ashra’s of Ramadan with separate dua (supplication) for each. Quran Recitation is also very important and you must offer as much dua as possible, as Allah loves the one who begs in front of him.
The first Ashra is from 1 to 10 Ramadhan, the second Ashra is from 11 to 20th Ramadhan while the third one is from 21 to 30 Ramadhan.
First Ashra of Ramadhan
The First Ten Days of Ramadhan are the days of Mercy and every person or Muslim must seek the mercy of Almighty Allah in these days. The dua for the first Ashra is:
رَّبِّ اغْفِرْ وَارْحَمْ وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الرَّاحِمِينَ
O! My Allah forgive and have mercy and You are the best of Merciful.
Second Ashra of Ramadhan
The second Ashra of Ramadhan consists of the second ten days, it is the time of forgiveness. These are the days of forgiveness and a Muslim must seek forgiveness from Almighty Allah and repent for all his sins.
The dua for the second Ashra is:
أسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ رَبي مِنْ كُلِ ذَنبٍ وَأتُوبُ إلَيهِ.
“I ask forgiveness of my sins from Allah who is my Lord and I turn towards Him.”
Middle Ashra of the month of Ramadhan is a time for Maghfirah. The second Ashra is a time where the forgiveness of Almighty Allah is at its peak, and this is the best time for asking for forgiveness for all the sins from Almighty Allah. Always ask for forgiveness from Almighty Allah in all these days. Do make sure to not repeat the sins after you have done Tauba. Do Tauba as many times as possible, because Allah Almighty loves Tauba during this period and forgives the one who seeks his forgiveness. Forgive all your beloved in these days as Allah Almighty loves Maghfirah.
Third Ashra of Ramadhan
In the end, Ramadhan is about seeking Refuge in Almighty Allah from Hellfire. And everyone must pray that “O Almighty Allah, save me from the fire of Hell”.
The dua for the third Ashra is:
اَللَّهُمَّ أَجِرْنِي مِنَ النَّارِ
“O Allah! Save me from the fire.”
The last ten days of Ramadhan are the third Ashra and are very superior and important as the Lailatul Qadar also falls in the last Ashra. Most Muslims also practised I’tikaf in the last ten days. A Muslim must not waste the last ten nights of Ashra and work hard in worshipping Almighty Allah. The best way for practising Itekaf is one in which a person stays in the mosque and seeks pardon from Almighty Allah for all his sins.
Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.