Narrated ‘Abdullah ibn Ka’b bin Malik:
Ka’b Bin Malik said, “I did not remain behind Allah’s Apostle in any Ghazwa that he fought except the Ghazwa of Tabuk. I failed to participate in the Ghazwa of Badr, but Allah did not admonish anyone who had not participated in it. Allah’s Apostle had gone out searching for the caravan of Quraish till Allah made them (i.e., the Muslims) and their enemy meet without any appointment. I witnessed Al-‘Aqaba (pledge) night with Allah’s Apostle when we pledged for Islam, and I would not exchange it for the Badr battle although the Badr battle is more popular amongst the people than it (i.e., Al-‘Aqaba pledge).
Ka’b Bin Malik Never been Such Wealthier
As for my news (in this battle of Tabuk), I had never been stronger or wealthier than I was when I remained behind the Prophet in that Ghazwa. By Allah, never had I two she-camels before, but I had then at the time of this Ghazwa. Whenever Allah’s Apostle wanted to make a Ghazwa, he used to hide his intention by apparently referring to different Ghazwa till it was the time of that Ghazwa (of Tabuk).
The ghazwa, which Allah’s Apostle fought in severe heat, facing a long journey, desert, and the significant number of the enemy. So the Prophet announced to the Muslims clearly (their destination) so that they might get prepared for their Ghazwa. So he informed them apparently of the destination he was going to. Allah’s Apostle had a significant number of Muslims with him, which one cannot name in a book, namely, a register.” Ka’b added, “Any man who intended to be absent would think that the matter would remain hidden unless Allah revealed it through Divine Revelation.”
So Allah’s Apostle fought that Ghazwa at the time when the fruits had ripened, and the shade looked pleasant. Allah’s Apostle and his companions prepared for the battle, and I started to go out to get myself ready along with them, but I returned without doing anything. I would say to myself, ‘I can do that.’ So I kept on delaying it now and then till the people got ready and Allah’s Apostle and the Muslims along with him departed. I had not prepared anything for my departure, and I said, I will prepare myself (for departure) one or two days after him and then join them.’ In the morning following their departure, I went out to get myself ready but returned, having done nothing. Then again, the following day, I went out to get ready but returned without doing anything.
Such was the case with me till they hurried away, and the battle was missed (by me). Even then, I intended to depart to take them over. I wish I had done so! But it was not in my luck. So, after the departure of Allah’s Apostle, whenever I went out and walked amongst the people (i.e., the remaining individuals), it grieved me that I could see none around me. Still, one accused of hypocrisy or one of those weak men whom Allah had excused.
Allah’s Apostle did not remember me till he reached Tabuk. So while he was sitting amongst the people in Tabuk, he said, ‘What did Kab Bin Malik do?’ A man from Banu Salama said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Kab Bin Malik has been stopped by his two Burda (i.e., garments) and looking at his flanks with pride.’ Then Mu’adh bin Jabal said, ‘What a bad thing you have said! By Allah! O Allah’s Apostle! We know nothing about him but good.’ Allah’s Apostle kept silent.”
Kab bin Malik added, “When I heard that he (i.e., the Prophet ) was on his way back to Medina. I got dipped in my concern and began to think of false excuses, saying to myself, ‘How can I avoid his anger tomorrow?’ And I took the advice of a wise member of my family in this matter. When he heard that Allah’s Apostle had come near, all the evil false excuses abandoned from my mind, and I knew well that I could never come out of this problem by forging a false statement. Then I decided firmly to speak the truth.
So Allah’s Apostle arrived in the morning, and whenever he returned from a journey., he used to visit the Mosque first of all and offer a two-Rak’at prayer therein and then sit for the people. So when he had done all that (this time), those who had failed to join the battle (of Tabuk) came and started offering (false) excuses and taking oaths before him. They were something over eighty men; Allah’s Apostle accepted the reasons they had expressed, took their pledge of allegiance, asked for Allah’s Forgiveness for them, and left the secrets of their hearts, Allah to judge.
Telling The Truth
Then I came to him, and when I greeted him, he smiled a smile of an angry person and then said, ‘Come on.’ So I came walking till I sat before him. He told me, ‘What stopped you from joining us. Had you not purchased an animal for carrying you?’ I answered, “Yes, O Allah’s Apostle! But by Allah, if I were sitting before any person among the people of the world other than you, I would have avoided his anger with an excuse.
By Allah, He bestowed me with the power of speaking fluently and eloquently. But by Allah, I knew well that if today I tell you a lie to seek your favor, Allah would surely make you angry with me shortly, but if I tell you the truth, though you will get mad because of it, I hope for Allah’s Forgiveness. Really, by Allah, there was no excuse for me. By Allah, I had never been stronger or wealthier than I was when I remained behind you.’
Then Allah’s Apostle said,
‘As regards this man, he has surely told the truth. So get up till Allah decides your case.’ I got up, and many men of Banu Salama followed me and said to me. ‘By Allah, we never witnessed you doing any sin before this. Surely, you failed to offer an excuse to Allah’s Apostle as the others who did not join him have offered. The prayer of Allah’s Apostle to Allah to forgive you would have been sufficient for you.’ By Allah, they continued blaming me so much that I intended to return (to the Prophet) and accuse myself of having told a lie, but I said to them,
‘Is there anybody else who has met the same fate as I have?’ They replied, ‘Yes, there are two men who have said the same thing as you have, and to both of them was given the same order as given to you.’ I said, ‘Who are they?’ They replied, Murara bin Ar-Rabi Al-Amri and Hilal bin Umaiya Al-Waqifi.’ By that, they mentioned to me two pious men who had attended the Ghazwa (Battle) of Badr and in whom there was an example for me. So I did not change my mind when they mentioned them to me.
Admonition to Talk
Allah’s Apostle forbade Muslims to talk to us, three persons above out of all those who remained behind in that Ghazwa. So we kept away from the people, and they changed their attitude towards us till the very land (where I lived) appeared strange to me as if I did not know it.
We remained in that condition for fifty nights. As regards my two fellows, they remained in their houses and kept on weeping. Still, I was the youngest of them and the firmest of them, so I used to go out and witness the prayers along with the Muslims and roam about in the markets. Still, none would talk to me, and I would come to Allah’s Apostle and greet him while he was sitting In his gathering after the prayer, and I would wonder whether the Prophet did move his lips in return to my greetings or not. Then I would offer my prayer near to him and look at him stealthily. When I was busy with my prayer, he would turn his face towards me, but he would turn his face away from me when I turned my face to him.
When this harsh attitude of the people lasted long, I walked till I scaled the wall of the garden of Abu Qatada, who was my cousin and dearest person to me, and I offered my greetings to him. By Allah, he did not return my greetings. I said, ‘O Abu Qatada! I beseech you by Allah! Do you know that I love Allah and His Apostle?’ He kept quiet. I asked him again, beseeching him by Allah, but he remained silent. Then I asked him again in the Name of Allah. He said, “Allah and His Apostle know it better.’ Thereupon my eyes flowed with tears, and I returned and jumped over the wall.”
Kab Bin Malik added, “While I was walking in the market of Medina, suddenly I saw a Nabati (i.e., a Christian farmer) from the Nabatis of Sham who came to sell his grains in Medina, saying, ‘Who will lead me to Kab bin Malik?’ The people began to point (me) out for him till he came to me and handed me a letter from the king of Ghassan as follows:
“To proceed, I have been informed that your friend (i.e., the Prophet ) has treated you harshly. Anyhow, Allah does not let you live in a place where you feel inferior, and your right is lost. So join us, and we will console you.”
When I read it, I said to myself, ‘This is also a sort of a test.’ Then I took the letter to the oven and made a fire therein by burning it.
After Forty Nights
When forty out of the fifty nights elapsed, behold! The messenger of Allah’s Apostle came to me and said, ‘Allah’s Apostle orders you to keep away from your wife,’ I said, ‘Should I divorce her; or else! What should I do?’ He said, ‘No, only keep aloof from her and do not cohabit her.’ The Prophet sent the same message to my two fellows. Then I said to my wife. ‘Go to your parents and remain with them till Allah gives His Verdict in this matter.’
Kab Bin Malik added, “The wife of Hilal bin Umaiya came to Apostle and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Hilal bin Umaiya is a helpless older man who has no servant to attend to him. Do you dislike that I should serve him? ‘ He said, ‘No (you can serve him), but he should not come near you.’ She said, ‘By Allah, he has no desire for anything. By Allah, he has never ceased weeping till his case began until this day of his.’
On that, some of my family members said to me, ‘ O” Kab Bin Malik, Will you also ask Allah’s Apostle to permit your wife (to serve you) as he has allowed the wife of Hilal bin Umaiya to serve him?’ I said, ‘By Allah, I will not ask the permission of Allah’s Apostle regarding her, for I do not know What Allah’s Apostle would say if I asked him to permit her (to serve me) while I am a young man.’
Then I remained in that state for ten more nights after that till the period of fifty nights was completed starting from the time when Allah’s Apostle prohibited the people from talking to us.
When I had offered the Fajr prayer on the 50th morning on the roof of one of our houses, and while I was sitting in the condition which Allah described (in the Qur’an), i.e., my very soul seemed straitened to me. Even the earth seemed narrow to me for all its spaciousness; there I heard the voice of one who had ascended the mountain of Sala’ calling with his loudest voice, ‘O Kab bin Malik! Be happy (by receiving good tidings).’ I fell in prostration before Allah, realizing that relief has come.
Allah’s Apostle had announced our repentance by Allah when he had offered the Fajr prayer. The people then went out to congratulate us. Some bringers of good tidings went out to my two fellows, and a horseman came to me in haste, and a man of Banu Aslam came running and ascended the mountain, and his voice was swifter than the horse. When he (i.e., the man) whose voice I had heard came to me conveying the good tidings, I took off my garments and dressed him with them; and by Allah, I owned no other garments than them on that day. Then I borrowed two garments and wore them and went to Allah’s Apostle.
The people started receiving me in batches, congratulating me on Allah’s Acceptance of my repentance, saying, ‘We congratulate you on Allah’s Acceptance of your repentance.” Kab further said, “When I entered the Mosque. I saw Allah’s Apostle sitting with the people around him. Talha bin Ubaidullah swiftly came to me, shook hands with me, and congratulated me. By Allah, none of the Muhajirin (i.e., Emigrants) got up for me except him (i.e., Talha), and I will never forget this for Talha.”
Kab added, “When I greeted Allah’s Apostle, he, his face being bright with joy, said, “Be happy with the best day that you have got ever since your mother delivered you.” Kab added, “I said to the Prophet, ‘Is this forgiveness from you or Allah?’ He said, ‘No, it is from Allah.’ Whenever Allah’s Apostle became happy, his face would shine as if it were a piece of the moon, and we all knew that characteristic of him.
When I sat before him, I said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Because of the acceptance of my repentance, I will give up all my wealth as alms for the Sake of Allah and His Apostle. Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Keep some of your wealth, as it will be better for you.’ I said, ‘So I will keep my share from Khaibar with me,’ and added, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Allah has saved me from telling the truth, so it is a part of my repentance not to tell but the truth as long as I am alive.
I do not know anyone of the Muslims whom Allah has helped tells the truth more than me by Allah. Since I have mentioned that truth to Allah’s Apostle till today, I have never intended to tell a lie. I hope that Allah will also save me (from telling lies) for the rest of my life.
Allah Revelation on this Event:
So Allah revealed to His Apostle the Verse:
“Verily, Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin and the Ansar who followed him in the time of distress, after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated, but He accepted their repentance. Indeed, He is unto them full of Kindness, Most Merciful. And the three who stayed behind, until for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their souls were straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah and no refuge but with Him. Then, He forgave them, that they might beg for His pardon. Verily, Allah is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful. O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).”[At-Tawbah: 117-119]
By Allah, Allah has never bestowed upon me, apart from His guiding me to Islam, a Greater blessing than the fact that I did not tell a lie to Allah’s Apostle. It would have caused me to perish as those who have said a lie perished, for Allah described those who told lies with the worst description He ever attributed to anybody else.
“They will swear by Allah to you when you return to them, that you may turn away from them. So turn away from them. Surely, they are Rijs (impure), and Hell is their dwelling place — a recompense for what they used to earn. They swear to you that you may be pleased with them, but if you are pleased with them, certainly Allah is not pleased with the rebellious people.”
“We, the three persons, differed altogether from those whose excuses Allah’s Messenger accepted when they swore to him. He took their pledge and asked Allah to forgive them, but Allah’s Messenger left our case pending until Allah gave us His judgment about it. As for that, Allah said,
And (He did forgive also) the three who stayed behind)
What Allah said does not discuss our failure to take part in the battle, but to the deferment of making a decision by the Prophet about our case, in contrast to the case of those who had taken an oath before him, and he excused them by accepting their excuses.” This is an authentic Hadith collected in the Two Sahihs (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
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