Salah is the daily practice prayer performed by Muslims. Salah is one of the most important five pillars of Islam. It is performed five times a day by all Muslims. Here is Salah’s meaning.
Salah includes many acts of worship, like the remembrance of ALLAH Almighty, the recitation of the Quran, standing humbly before ALLAH Almighty, bowing, prostration, and requests to Allah and Takbeer (saying the words “Allah o Akbar”).
“And they were not commanded except to worship Allah, [being] sincere to Him in religion, inclining to truth, and to establish prayer and to give Zakah. And that is the correct religion.” [Quran 98: 5]
One might wonder why Muslims have to perform salah five-time every day. The timing of these prayers is set throughout the day so that one is constantly reminded of Allah and given opportunities to seek His guidance and forgiveness. Muslims perform salaah at the following times.
The Muslims start their day with the remembrance of Allah. It is performed before sunrise. (what if you left Fajar?.)
After the day’s work has begun, one breaks shortly after noon to again remember Allah and seek His guidance.
Muslims perform this salah in the late afternoon. Muslims start their evening activities with this salaat.
Just after the sun goes down, Muslims remember ALLAH again as the day ends and night is approaching.
Before going to sleep, Muslims perform this salaat to acquire His guidance, mercy, and forgiveness.
Therefore, it is obligatory for whoever reaches one of the specified times of prayer to perform it.
Allah Subahana hu wa tala says:
فَسُبْحَٰنَ ٱللَّهِ حِينَ تُمْسُونَ وَحِينَ تُصْبِحُونَ
“So Exalted is Allah when you reach the evening and when you reach the morning.
وَلَهُ ٱلْحَمْدُ فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَعَشِيًّا وَحِينَ تُظْهِرُونَ
And to Him is [due all] praise throughout the heavens and the earth. And (Exalted is He) at night and when you are at noon.” [Quran 30: 17-18]
Each salah may take at least 5 minutes, but it may be lengthened as a person’s wishes. Muslims must pray salaat in a pure and peaceful environment, alone or together, in a mosque or at home, at work or on-road, indoors or out, anywhere they are at the salaat time they must perform salaat.
Islam is a religion that is most concerned about the care of its ummah. Allah SWT allows flexibility in salah in certain situations like a journey, war; or illness Muslims have a right to make their salaat easy according to given rules.
Parents have to teach their children how to perform salah. They must take strict focus on this act of their children. Parents have a right to beat their children if their child is ten years old and neglect his salaat.
Holy prophet ﷺ said:
“Command your children to perform prayer when they become seven years old, and beat them for (not performing) it (i.e. prayer) when they become ten years old; and arrange their beds (so that boys and girls sleep) separately.
[Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood].