There is a great story of justice about hazrat Umar Ibn al Khattab. He was the caliph of Islam and also captured the city of Jerusalem. and built the first mosque on the grounds of sacred sanctuary currently known as Dome of Rock.
Hazrat Umar Ibn al Khattab
He was the ruler of great peace and justice. He gained the beautiful title, commander of faithful due to his noble qualities. His rightful duty to receive the key to the respected holy city that was the first qiblah. the direction Muslims face during praying.
The soldiers of Hazrat umer had already entered the city of Jerusalem and hold the overall control of city from Christians. Christians had ruled there since the time of Constantine. but when hazrat umer entered there to take the official control of Jerusalem, he came there alone. His journey involve only one camel and came leer from Damascus to Jerusalem. As umer was man of nice humility he decided with came leer that they would both ride the camel turn by turn. According to justice, he would ride for a short while, then the came leer would ride and he would walk.
In the meantime, the entire city was awaiting for his impending arrival. The bishop announced that, “The great Islamic leader is coming and we all must greet him and pay our respects to him.” Everyone gathered at the gate of city, awaiting a great royal procession. But no procession appeared.
Instead, they saw two people, coming very slowly. When they finally reached the city. It was turn of came leer’s to be riding, and every one considered him the caliph and run to greet him.
He protested “wait I am not the caliph”. and explained their arrangement of riding and walking one by one. Every one, overwhelmed by seeing this justice. Praised the great caliph.
Hospitality of Bishop:
The bishop too was so amazed by such a great justice. The bishop also handed the key of the city to `Umar Ibn al-Khattab and his (bishop’s) heart filled with joy.
After all this bishop invited Umar to perform his holy prayers in the church. But when he saw the interior decoration of church and Christians symbol with in the church, he humbly declined and said that I will pray outside your doors.
After he had finished, the bishop asked him that, ”Why would you not come inside our church?”
Umar explained that if I prayed in your sanctuary then my all followers and anyone who come here in future would take over this building and turn it into mosque. and they would destroy your holy place of worship. So I prayed outside here to avoid all these mishaps.
The bishop once again got amazed by Umar’s justice. And said that today you have received the key of holy city just because of your justice faith wisdom and truth. So when will this place will again come back to our possession?
Four Qualities of Muslims:
Hazrat Umar replied that, today we have taken over this place. It is with the four qualities of wisdom faith truth and justice that we gain this city. Till these four exist in Islam as long as we (Muslims) have all these in our hand we will retain the city. But when these four blessings depart from our hands this holy place will again change hands.
He said that if it happens that we lose this place to someone else. It will be because we lack certitude in our faith. When the Muslims sell the truth seek worldly pleasures and collect worldly wealth. When Muslims lose good conduct, good faith and the good behavior of reserve and modesty. And when they relate to women in an unjust and immoral way. When they behave with jealousy backbiting and envy. When they establish hypocrisy and lack unity. when they degenerate into committing evil actions and destroy good deeds. and when all this occurs in the midst of Islam, then peacefulness and unity will be destroyed. These evil actions and qualities will cause separations and divisions. and this Holy City will be taken from our hands. That is certain.
“When all this happens, the followers of Islam will be numerous as the granules of flour in dough. But the number of those who shall take possession of the city will be as few as the grains of salt in the dough. This will happen when degradation permeates Islam.”
These were the beautiful words of hazrat `Umar Ibn al-Khattab when he took the possession of the City. and the sacred ground of the Dome of the Rock.