Yom-e-Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram (مُحَرَّم muḥarram). Muharram is the first month of the Islamic year. The word “Muharram” means “forbidden.” It is held to be the second holiest month, following Ramadan. But this day is of great historical significance in Islam as well as the importance for Muslims from all over the world.
On this day:
Hazrat Imam Hussain martyred.
عيسى بن مريم sent to Jannah.
ALLAH talked to Hazrat Musa (A.S) directly.
Hazrat Ayub (A.S) recovered from the disease.
ALLAH saved Hazrat Musa (A.S) and his followers from Pharaon.
Ibn-e- Abbas said:
“I never saw the Messenger of ALLAH, so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other than this day, the day of Ashura and this month, meaning Ramadan.”
On the day of Ashura, Shia from all over the world does mourning for Hazrat Imam Hussain (R.A), who martyred in the field of Karbala. Yazid’s Army martyred Hazrat Imam Hussain (R.A), and the rest of his family members were poisoned. In the remembrance of the unfortunate event, Shia Muslims mourn on this day, not only Yom-e-Ashura but from the start of Muharram i-e 1st Muharram till 10th Muharram.
Fasting on Youm-e-Ashura:
In Hadiths, it is said that either the fast of Yom-e-Ashura must be preceded or succeeded by another fast. It means that the fast should be two days, 9th and 10th or 10th & 11th Muharram. The Holy Prophet (SAW) distinguished this difference to Muslims in an Islamic way. Therefore, he advised all the Muslims to fast for two days rather than one day only on Yom-e-Ashura. According to a Hadiths:
“Fasting on the day of Ashura is the best way to pay Kaffarah of all the sins of one year.”
Let us remember the rules of Yom-e-Ashura and follow them.