We often hear that our mothers are too humble and kind to us, and they forgive all our faults and mistakes. Whatever the child does, whether they are right or wrong, the mother tries to forgive them in almost all cases. But have you ever thought that Allah Almighty is most forgiving and kind to us many more times (seventy times more than a mother)? Allah always forgives the faithful person who does sins but quickly repents and seeks forgiveness from Allah, the merciful of all the most beneficent forgivers.
it is narrated in Surah Al-Hujurat,
وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ صَبَرُوا۟ حَتَّىٰ تَخْرُجَ إِلَيْهِمْ لَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَّهُمْ ۚ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
And if they had been patient until you [could] come out to them, it would have been better for them. But Allāh is Forgiving and Merciful.
(Al Quran 49:5)
Quranic Verses on Forgiveness
There is no human on the earth from Adam (Alaih-i-salam) to the last human on earth is free of sin; the artillery of Ibn-e-Adam has an element to commit mistakes. But humans ought to return to Allah after realizing that they commit a mistake. Such realization and forgiveness is a beloved deed by Allah Almighty.
He, the Beneficient and Merciful, forgive the repenter and grants them ‘Tofeeq’ to abstain from such deeds. But if a person commits sin and turns his back to the fact that he is answerable to his Creator for every deed he commits in this mortal world and does not repent, he becomes just like the persons who committed ‘Shirk’ and became infidels.
Quran Kareem states clearly that;
وَيَٰقَوْمِ ٱسْتَغْفِرُوا۟ رَبَّكُمْ ثُمَّ تُوبُوٓا۟ إِلَيْهِ يُرْسِلِ ٱلسَّمَآءَ عَلَيْكُم مِّدْرَارًا وَيَزِدْكُمْ قُوَّةً إِلَىٰ قُوَّتِكُمْ وَلَا تَتَوَلَّوْا۟ مُجْرِمِينَ
“And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him; he will send you (from the sky) abundant rain and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimoon (criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah).” [Hood 11:52]
People who remember Allah and are pious will be awarded high ranks and forgiveness.
It is narrated in the Quran,
إِنَّ ٱلْمُسْلِمِينَ وَٱلْمُسْلِمَٰتِ وَٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَٱلْمُؤْمِنَٰتِ وَٱلْقَٰنِتِينَ وَٱلْقَٰنِتَٰتِ وَٱلصَّٰدِقِينَ وَٱلصَّٰدِقَٰتِ وَٱلصَّٰبِرِينَ وَٱلصَّٰبِرَٰتِ وَٱلْخَٰشِعِينَ وَٱلْخَٰشِعَٰتِ وَٱلْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَٱلْمُتَصَدِّقَٰتِ وَٱلصَّٰٓئِمِينَ وَٱلصَّٰٓئِمَٰتِ وَٱلْحَٰفِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَٱلْحَٰفِظَٰتِ وَٱلذَّٰكِرِينَ ٱللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَٱلذَّٰكِرَٰتِ أَعَدَّ ٱللَّهُ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا
Indeed, the Muslim men and Muslim women, the believing men and believing women, the obedient men and obedient women, the truthful men and truthful women, the patient men and patient women, the humble men and humble women, the charitable men and charitable women, the fasting men and fast women, the men who guard their private parts and the women who do so, and the men who remember Allah often and the women who do so – for them Allah has prepared forgiveness and a great reward. [al’Ahzaab 33:35]
Allah Almighty is Beneficent and loves those who are kind towards His creation.
وَلَا يَأْتَلِ أُو۟لُوا۟ ٱلْفَضْلِ مِنكُمْ وَٱلسَّعَةِ أَن يُؤْتُوٓا۟ أُو۟لِى ٱلْقُرْبَىٰ وَٱلْمَسَٰكِينَ وَٱلْمُهَٰجِرِينَ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ ۖ وَلْيَعْفُوا۟ وَلْيَصْفَحُوٓا۟ ۗ أَلَا تُحِبُّونَ أَن يَغْفِرَ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمْ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
“And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give (any help) to their relatives, Al-Masakin (the poor), and those who left their homes for Allah’s Cause. Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [An’Nur24:22]
وَأَطِيعُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلرَّسُولَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ
“And obey Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad P.B.U.H) that you may obtain mercy.
وَسَارِعُوٓا۟ إِلَىٰ مَغْفِرَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَجَنَّةٍ عَرْضُهَا ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتُ وَٱلْأَرْضُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ
And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for Al-Muttaqun.” [Al’Imran3:132,133]
Allah Subhana Hu Ta’ala never returns a person empty-handed. Always hope for repentance.
خُذِ ٱلْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ بِٱلْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ ٱلْجَٰهِلِينَ
“Hold to forgiveness, command what is right, and turn away from the ignorant.” [ Al-Arab 7: 199]
Islam is a kind and humanistic religion. It is human for an individual to feel hurt when he has committed something undesirable. Usually, time is required for the individual to beat the torment to excuse, and additional time is expected to neglect.
Pardoning resides in Islam.
The length of time varies from one individual to the next because people are made diverse and assorted inwardly, mentally, etc. In this manner, the capacity to pardon contrasts as well. Some might have the option to conquer the agony rapidly, while others require additional time. The reason for hurt varies too from one individual to another. So, what can be excused effectively by an individual may not be so for another. But whenever someone is mentally prepared to forgive the other by Heart, it is highly appreciated by Islam and Allah Almighty grants reward to forgiving person.
Allah is great and powerful.
إِن تُبْدُوا۟ خَيْرًا أَوْ تُخْفُوهُ أَوْ تَعْفُوا۟ عَن سُوٓءٍ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ عَفُوًّا قَدِيرًا
“Whether you (mankind) disclose (by good words of thanks) a good deed (done to you in the form of a favour by someone), or conceal it, or pardon an evil, verily, Allah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, All-Powerful.” [Al’Nisa 4:149]
The above mentioned is a brief description of forgiveness related Quranic verses, but if we read Quran and Hadith, we know that they are full of teaching regarding forgiveness. Allah has also promised to give a lot of rewards for a person forgiving his brother’s mistakes and faults.