Hazrat Musa (A.S) and his people escaped the Egyptians, their hardships were far from over. After safely crossing the sea, they found some people worshiping idols. The children of Israel asked Prophet Musa (SAW) to make an icon for them, and he had to remind them of all that Allah had done for them. How could he make another god for them when Allah was the only true god?
Allah called Hazrat Musa (A.S) to Mount Sinai, and he put his brother Harun(SAW) in command while he was gone. When he arrived at the appointed spot, he asked to see Allah. Allah said He could not show Himself directly to Hazrat Musa (A.S), but Hazrat Musa (A.S) should look towards the mountain. If the mountain stayed in one piece, then Musa would see Allah.
When Allah revealed His glory on the mountain, it became like dust, and Hazrat Musa (A.S)fell faintly. When he recovered, he asked for Allah’s forgiveness and declared his belief in Allah. Then Allah spoke with Hazrat Musa (A.S) and gave him tablets containing His authority and explaining everything. Hazrat Musa (A.S) was to carry the tablets back to his people and convey to them the words of Allah. He spent forty days on the mount, communing with his Lord.
The Favors of Allah on Moses’s People
The children of Israel were favored with Allah’s grace and reward. They were saved from oppression and had witnessed the drowning of their cruel ruler Pharaoh. When they needed water in the dry land, Allah commanded Moses to strike a pebble, which parted and sent forth twelve springs of water for the twelve different tribes so that they need not dispute over a shortage of water. Allah also kept the skies cloudy to protect them from the scorching sun. To relieve their hunger, manna and quail were provided for them.
Despite Allah’s generosity, the mean-spirited ones began to stir Moses’s people to object that they were sickened with this food; they wished for onions, garlic, beans, and lentils, which were traditional Egyptian foods. That is why the children of Israel asked Prophet Moses to pray to Allah to make the earth produce these foods. Moses again admonished them for oppressing themselves and their desire to return to a life of humiliation in Egypt. He also suggested they were ungrateful for the best and most abundant food. They wanted the worst instead of the best.
In the Quran Allah says,
وَإِذْ قُلْتُمْ يَٰمُوسَىٰ لَن نَّصْبِرَ عَلَىٰ طَعَامٍ وَٰحِدٍ فَٱدْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُخْرِجْ لَنَا مِمَّا تُنۢبِتُ ٱلْأَرْضُ مِنۢ بَقْلِهَا وَقِثَّآئِهَا وَفُومِهَا وَعَدَسِهَا وَبَصَلِهَا ۖ قَالَ أَتَسْتَبْدِلُونَ ٱلَّذِى هُوَ أَدْنَىٰ بِٱلَّذِى هُوَ خَيْرٌ ۚ ٱهْبِطُوا۟ مِصْرًا فَإِنَّ لَكُم مَّا سَأَلْتُمْ ۗ وَضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلذِّلَّةُ وَٱلْمَسْكَنَةُ وَبَآءُو بِغَضَبٍ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا۟ يَكْفُرُونَ بِـَٔايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِ وَيَقْتُلُونَ ٱلنَّبِيِّۦنَ بِغَيْرِ ٱلْحَقِّ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا۟ وَّكَانُوا۟ يَعْتَدُونَ
And [recall] when you said, “O Moses, we can never endure one [kind of] food. So call upon your Lord to bring forth from the earth its green herbs, cucumbers, garlic, lentils, and onions.” [Moses] said, “Would you exchange what is better for what is less? Go into [any] settlement, and you will have what you have asked.” And they were covered with humiliation and poverty and returned with anger from Allāh [upon them]. That was because they [repeatedly] disbelieved in the signs of Allāh and killed the prophets without right. That was because they disobeyed and were [habitually] transgressing.
Story of Rain
It was narrated that in the days when Hazrat Musa roamed in the desert with Bani Israel, an extreme drought befell them. They raised their hands to gather toward heaven, praying for the rain. Then, to the astonishment of Hazrat Musa (A.S) and all those watching. The few scattered clouds in the sky vanished, the heat poured down, and the drought intensified.
Who was a Sinner?
There was a sinner among the tribe who disobeyed ALLAH for over forty years. Let him separate himself from the tribe. ALLAH told prophet Musa only that I shall bless you all with rain.
Hazrat Musa then called the tribe and told them that there was a person among the tribe who disobeyed ALLAH for forty years. He said that by separating him from the tribe, only then would we be blessed with rain. The man waited to look here and there, hoping that maybe someone else would step forward, but no one did. He knew that he was the one.
The man knew very well that if he stayed with the tribe, all would die of thirst. And if he stepped forward, he would be humiliated for all eternity.
So, with sincerity, he raised his hands he had known before with humility. He had never tasted it before, and tears poured down his eyes. And he said, that dear ALLAH, have mercy on me! O Allah, hide my sins! O Allah, forgive me!
The Reaction of Hazrat Musa:
As Hazrat Musa (A.S) and the people of Bani Israel awaited for the sinner to step forward, the clouds hugged the sky, and the rain poured. Hazrat Musa (A.S) asked Allah, O Allah, you blessed us with rain even though the sinner did not come forward. And Allah replied, O Musa, it is for the repentance of that very person that I blessed all of Bani Israel with water.
Hazrat Musa (A.S) wants to know who the man is. He asked; Show him to me, O Allah!
Allah replied, O Musa, I hid his sins for forty years. Do you think that after his repentance, I shall expose him?