There are two major calendar systems followed worldwide: the solar calendar and the lunar calendar. The solar calendar is more prevalent in Christian. At the same time, Muslims follow the lunar calendar. Despite the majority following the solar one, why do Muslims follow the lunar calendar? In the following article, we have tried to logically answer this question: “Why do Muslims follow the lunar calendar? “.
According to the Solar calendar, we are aware that every year the months fall in the same respective seasons of that location. For example, March, April, and May in south Asia will always have summer. While July, August, September will always have monsoons, i.e., rains. November, December, and January will always have winter.
Muslims Follow Lunar Calendar:
In the lunar calendar, in different years, the months fall in a different season.
The lunar calendar has about 11 days less than the solar calendar. Thus, every year, the month of the lunar calendar occurs 11 days before what had happened in the previous solar year. Therefore, in about 33 years, a human being will experience all the different seasons for one particular month of the lunar calendar. The lunar calendar is very important because the yearly activities of a Muslim are based on the lunar calendar. Certain months like Ramadan and Hajj are vital to Muslims.
During Ramadhan, a Muslim has to fast, including abstaining from food and drink from sunrise to sunset. Suppose the Islamic months were based on the solar calendar where the seasons were fixed. Then people living in certain parts of the world would have Ramadhan in summer. While in other parts of the world, it would be winter. Some Muslims would have to fast for a more extended time where the days are long. Also, some other Muslims fast for a shorter period where the days are short. If the seasons did not change, then Muslims living in some parts of the world may feel that they are disadvantaged throughout their lives.
So, That is why Muslims follow the lunar calendar. In this way, every Muslim can enjoy all the religious events like Ramadan and hajj every season in 33 years of life.