Let us know about spirituality And Sufism.
Allah blessed Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) with two types of knowledge;
- one is the knowledge of book (Ilm E Safina).
- second is the knowledge of inside knowledge of heart and knowledge of spirituality and Sufism (Ilm E Sina).
Knowledge of Spirituality and Sufism
This knowledge is received by very few people. Hazrat Ali (r.a) received the inner knowledge, the knowledge of Spirituality and Sufism from prophet (pbuh). Hazrat Ali (r.a) had the honor of receiving prophet’s mantle. Prophet Ali (RA) maintained all the deeds and virtues that affect person’s soul and heart. He also maintained the acts of Sharia that increases the spiritual power of person. Some times Hazrat Ali used to get engrossed in offering prayer as much that he could not even feel the pain and discomfort of someone pulling out an arrow that was already pierced in his body. Most of the times during offering prayer he lost his consciousness and after sometimes regained his consciousness. He offer his prayer as much that it feels that he is not in this world instead he is in another world of spirituality.
During praying his emotions intensity was so great that he would fall in swoon. Once Abu Darda saw Hazrat Ali lying rigid on the prayer mat he touched his body though Ali had breathed his last, when Hazrat Fatima (r.a) heard this news he told that while praying Hazrat Ali often became unconscious.
Lessons for Life from Hazrat Ali(RA):
Hazrat Ali often observed and felt that one could have the joy and wonder of communion with ALLAH if one disciplined the flash, abandoned pride, overcame lust and submitted his self to the will of ALLAH. He told people in his various sermons to not indulge in gross licentiousness which had characterized Arab society in the “Days of Ignorance.” He advised them to spend life in simplicity and to live in piety as enjoined by Islam. Hazrat Ali said that in the boundless sea of God man is like a wave, As long as man’s vision is covered by sensualityand ignorance he will consider himself to be a different entity, different from God. But when the veil between God and him is lifted, he will then see what he really is. Then the wave will emerge with the ocean.
According to Hazrat Ali that enlightenment is required so that one can first get to know himself. Only then would he get to know Allah. Hazrat Ali said that religious exercises must be practice to this end. The Spirituality and Sufism, for which Hazrat Ali stood, emerged its strength from the Sharia. Hazrat Ali said that any type of knowledge which failed to display the Countless Reality in man is of no use, because it could not fill that vacuum in which the aching soul in every individual was so touchingly conscious.
Man to Purify the Soul:
Hazrat Ali wanted men to be righteous as righteous purify the soul. And it is only the clean soul that can be the receiver of mystical enlightenment. This is the principle of Inner Light which was the enunciate by Hazrat Ali as the core of Sufi thought. According to, Hazrat Ali is acknowledged as the “father of spirituality and Sufism” and the leader of saints.
Almost all Sufi orders trace their ancestry to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) through Hazrat Ali. An exception being Naqshbandi, who go through Hazrat Abu Bakr (r.a). Even in this order, Hazrat Ja’far al-Sadiq (r.a) is the great grandson of Hazrat Ali. Sufis trust that Ali inherited from Muhammad (pbuh) the saintly power that makes the spiritual journey to God possible. Imam Ali characterizes the essence of the teachings of the School of Islamic Sufism. Sufis recite Manqabat Ali in the praise of Ali, after Hamd and Naat in their Qawwali.