Marriage in Islam is vital that it is announced to be a large portion of one’s faith. Therefore, Allah has made men and women cooperate; thus, they can procreate and live in peace and peacefulness as per the instructions of Allah and the headings of His Messenger.
Importance of Marriage in Islam
Allah says in Quran:
وَمِنْ ءَايَٰتِهِۦٓ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَٰجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوٓا۟ إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ لَءَايَٰتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
“And among His signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquillity with them; and He has put love and mercy between your hearts. Undoubtedly these are signs for those who reflect.”
[Noble Quran 30:21]
Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said About Marriage In Islam.
‘A person who possesses the means to marry (i.e., he can work, etc. to support a wife and children) and does not marry, then he is not from amongst us (i.e., the believers).’
With these Quranic verses and the direction from the Prophet (peace and favors be upon him) as a top priority, we should look at the foundation of Marriage in Islam in the Shari’ah.
Marriage in Islam is crucial Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) considered marriage for a Muslim as a large portion of his religion because it shields him from wantonness, infidelity, sex, homosexuality, etc. Which eventually prompted numerous different shades of malice like criticism, quarrelling, crime, loss of property and deterioration of the family. As the Prophet (SAW) indicated, staying Taqwa can spare a large portion of the faith.
Condition of Marriage in Islam:
Cautious thought of the Quranic directives and the traditions of the Prophet (SAW) demonstrate that Marriage in Islam is obligatory (wajib) for a man. Therefore, that man who intends to effortlessly pay the Mahr (Dowry) and support a wife and kids is sound; and reasons for alarm that sex (Zina) may entice him if he does not wed.
It is also obligatory for a woman who has no different method for keeping up with herself and expects that her sexual urge may push her into sex. But, in any case, notwithstanding for a man who has an in number will control his sexual yearning; who has no wish to have youngsters; and who feels that marriage will keep him far from his commitment to Allah, it is estimable (Mandub).
“When a man gives his daughter in marriage, and she dislikes it, the marriage shall be annulled.”
Once a virgin girl came to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). Said that her father had married her to a man against her wishes. The Prophet gave her the right to repudiate the marriage. [Abu Dawud]
Rules For Marriage In Islam With A Divorced Woman:
Divorce Women also have the right to contract a second marriage; Allah says in Quran about the Marriage Islam related to divorced women:
وَإِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ ٱلنِّسَآءَ فَبَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَلَا تَعْضُلُوهُنَّ أَن يَنكِحْنَ أَزْوَٰجَهُنَّ إِذَا تَرَٰضَوْا۟ بَيْنَهُم بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ يُوعَظُ بِهِۦ مَن كَانَ مِنكُمْ يُؤْمِنُ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْءَاخِرِ ۗ ذَٰلِكُمْ أَزْكَىٰ لَكُمْ وَأَطْهَرُ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
“And when you divorce women, and they have come to the end of their waiting period, hinder them not from marrying other men if they have fairly agreed with each other.”
[Noble Quran 2:232]
Marriage in Islam for a woman whose husband died has the right to get married.
وَٱلَّذِينَ يُتَوَفَّوْنَ مِنكُمْ وَيَذَرُونَ أَزْوَٰجًا يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ وَعَشْرًا ۖ فَإِذَا بَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِيمَا فَعَلْنَ فِىٓ أَنفُسِهِنَّ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ
“And if any of you die and leave behind wives, they bequeath thereby to their widows (the right to) one year’s maintenance without their being obliged to leave (their husband’s home), but if they leave (the residence) of their own accord, there is no blame on you for what they lawfully do with themselves.”
[Noble Quran 2:234]