What is Zakat Al-Fitr:
Zakat Al-Fitr is an obligatory charity at the end of Ramadan. Zakat al Fitr should be given at any time in Ramadan but before the Eid ul-Fitr Prayers. The Prophet (P.B.U.H) urged every Muslim whether Male or Female, young or old to pay Zakat al-Fitr at the end of Ramadan.
When should Zakat al-fitr be given?
Zakat al-fitr should be given at the end of Ramadan. One should not delay it until after the Eid ul-Fitr Prayers.
Ibn Abaas (R.A) narrated that the Prophet (P.B.U.H) said:
“Whoever gives Zakat ul-Fitr before the prayers, it is accepted zakaah. and whoever gives it after the prayer, it is a kind of charity.” (Abu Dawood)
The companions of the Prophet (P.B.U.H) used to give Zakaat al-Fitr one or two day before the Eid.
The amount of Zakat al-Fitr:
The amount of Zakat al-Fitr is one Sa’ (2.176 kilograms or about 5 pounds) of dates or barley and it should be given on behalf of every member of the family. It is better to give it in the form of food instead of money.
Ibn `Umar (R.A) said:
“The Prophet (P.B.U.H) enjoined the payment of one Sa` of dates or one Sa` of barley as Zakat Al-Fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave.” (Muslim)
Narrated by Abu Saeed (R.A):
“We used to give Zakat al-Fitr on behalf of every child, aged person, free man or slave during the lifetime of the Prophet (P.B.U.H), one Sa’a of food, or one Sa’a of dried yogurt, or one Sa’a of barley, or one Sa’a of dates, or one Sa’a of raisins”. (Muslim)
The purpose of Zakat al-Fitr:
The main purpose of Zakat al-Fitr is to expiate for any mistakes or wrong doings a person has done during Ramadan. Also it is a means to help the poor and needy people.
Narrated by Ibn Abbaas(R.A) :
“The Prophet (P.B.U.H) enjoined zakaat al-fitr as a purification for those who fasted from idle or obscene talk, and so as to feed the poor”. (Abu Dawood)
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