Gathering & Revelation of the Quran
To get know-how about the compilation of the Quran, we are back with a piece of information. Quran was revealed gradually in 23 years. Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him was very vigilant and keen about collecting and preserving the Quran.
That is why he used to call sahabah and ordered them to write down verses. Then he ordered them to recite the written verses as a cross-check to remove any ambiguity or mistake.
Moreover, Muslims were advised to memorize and then recite these verses in salah. However, r.
The Idea of Compilation of Quran:
An exciting incident occurred. The idea of a compilation of the Quran originated when a significant number of sahaba went to participate in a battle during the rule of Hazrat Abu Bakar Siddique.
“What if huffaz continued dying. We would be soon short of people who have learned the Quran by heart; Quran would face similar situations that other divine books faced.”
(These are not exact words of Umer ).
Umar shared his thought with Abu Bakkar and suggested the compilation of the Quran in a book.
Hazrat Abu Bakker was reluctant because if writing the whole Quran in the form of the book was a correct decision, Prophet Muhammad, Peace Be Upon Him, would have ordered so in his life. Both decided to get suggestions from Hazrat Ziad bin Sabit, who used to write revelations on the order of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w). Zaid agreed with Abu Bakar. But Umer bin Khattab insisted:
” Even if the prophet had not explicitly ordered it in his life, but he never forbade us too ! What is the harm in the compilation of the Quran ? but I do foresee great harm if we do not write it.”(not actual words).
The mission of the compilation of the Quran
Umar’s argument was quite logical! SO both of the companions agreed, and this grave mission of compilation of Quran initiated. Zaid bin Sabit later said,
“I felt a compilation of Quran such a heavy task that if I had to pick a mountain in my hand, I would have been easier than compiling the Quran.” (not exact words of Zaid).
Once all of the great companions agreed upon the decision. They formulated a strategy of compilation. Every person had to visit the committee of the assemblage with the evidence of the verses they had got. And they must bring two witnesses to the authenticity of the text.
People came and brought the verses they had, some on paper, some on leather, some wooden barks, etc. They recruited services of huffaz for verification. People did cross-validation from written texts and memory of huffaz. In this way, a compilation of the Quran went on. And with sincere efforts of companions of prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) Quran was compiled in written form. After collection, it was read out loud many times in front of the sahabah. They had memorized the Quran to eradicate any mistakes left.
One Short Verse:
During the compilation of the Quran, an exciting event took place. When the assemblage was in its final stages, Hazrat Zaid bin Sabit remembered one short verse that Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) had once got as a revelation. But he had no written proof of verse. He had only in his memory. As per the committee’s rule, two witnesses are required for this ayah to include in the primary scripture. Hazrat Zaid met many huffaz, discussed the matter, but no one knew the ayah, so no one testified! At last, he found one sahabi who knew the ayah and was ready to attest it.
But from where to get the second witness? Luckily, the witness sahabi is blessed by the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) on his act of righteousness. From the day onward, his witness would be equal to the witness of two men! SubhanAllah!
In that way, ayah was finally included in the Quran. The purpose of telling this whole long story was to put light on the efforts and delicacy by companions of the prophet in this matter of grave concern. May ALLAH reward all these great people, who sincerely devoted their whole lives to the love of the prophet and deen.