بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
It is in authentic ahadith that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), used to fast most of the month in Shaaban. One of the greatest works we can do in Shaaban is fasting. and this is what the Prophet (PBUH) love to do when his actions raised, on Monday and Thursday and also during Sha`ban.
There is no sahih hadith about particular ibaadat of 15th Sha’aban although there are hadiths regarding continuous fasting in this month. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) revered a distinct specialty to the month of Shaban and He (pbuh) used to fast most of Shaban al Muazzam.
Narrated Aisha razi allah-anha:
“….and I did not see him fasting in any month more than in the month of Sha’ban.”
[Sahih-Bukhari Volume 3, Book 31, Number 190:]
More Fast in Shaaban:
A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) did not observe fast in any month of the year more than in the month of Sha’ban, and said:
“Do as many deeds as you are capable of doing, for Allah will not become weary (of giving you reward), but you would be tired (of doing good deeds) ; and he also said: The deed liked most by Allah is one to which the doer adheres constantly even if it is small.”
( Muslim :: Book 6 : Hadith 2582 )
Misapprehension: Fasting on 15th Sha’ban is a deed of great reward:
Fasting ONLY on 15th Sha’aban is an innovation and not according to the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). So, it should be totally avoided. Because Fasting frequently in Shabaan was the Sunnah of Rasool Allah. However Rasool prohibited his ummah from fasting after 15th Sha’aban due to fear of becoming too weak to be able to fast in Ramadan.
Rasool Allah Sallaalahu alayhe Wasallam said :
“When half of shaban has passed, do not fast.” (Abu Dawood Bab 12: Hadith 2337- Classed Hasan Sahih by Albani)
Therefore the Muslims should fast frequently in the first half of Shabaan and avoid fasting in the second half of Shabaan.
MISAPPREHENSION: Shab e Baraat i.e. the 15th of Shabaan is a Special Night for prayers in Islam:
There is no such thing as Shab e Baraat. Word Shab e Baraat never appears in the Quran or Hadith. The night on which the Quran was revealed is termed “Lailatul Qadr” in Surah al Qadr in the Quran and it falls in the last 10 days of Ramadan. Shab e Baraat is infact NOT an Arabic Word.
MISAPPREHENSION: On this blessed night Allah Tala descends down to forgive people:
Allah Tala descends down EVERY night to forgive the people who repent.
By Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle said,
“When it is the last third of the night, our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, descends every night to the heaven of the world and says, ‘Is there anyone who invokes Me (demand anything from Me), that I may respond to his invocation; Is there anyone who asks Me for something that I may give (it to) him; Is there anyone who asks My forgiveness that I may forgive him?’ “Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 75, Number 333:
MISAPPREHENSION: This is the blessed night on which the taqdeer is decided. Who will live…who will die. Who will get how much rizq…
The following verses of the Quran are presented as evidence stating that this verse is talking about a blessed night on which everything is decreed and that night is 15th Sha’aban.
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّآ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهُ فِى لَيۡلَةٍ۬ مُّبَـٰرَكَةٍۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ (٣) فِيہَا يُفۡرَقُ كُلُّ أَمۡرٍ حَكِيمٍ (٤) أَمۡرً۬ا مِّنۡ عِندِنَآۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُرۡسِلِينَ (٥) رَحۡمَةً۬ مِّن رَّبِّكَۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ (٦)
Verily We Sent it down on a blessed night Verily,We are ever warning (3) There in is decreed every matter of ordainment(4) As a Command from Us. Verily, We are ever sending , (5)(As) a Mercy from your Lord. Verily! He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. (6)
Surah Dukhaan Chapter 44 Verse 4
TRUTH: The verse is misquoted.
This Verse is about a Night in Ramadan NOT Shab e Baraat. The verse is talking about revelation of Quran on a blessed Night. Read the first 2 ayats of Surah Dukhaan again!
“Indeed we sent IT (i.e. The Quran) on a blessed Night (Lailtul Qadr in Ramadan)
Allah has informed us in Surah Baqarah that the Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan.
شَہۡرُ رَمَضَانَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانُ
The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an.( Surah Al Baqarah.”Chapter 2:185)
So which night is Surah Dukhaan talking about? It is indeed Lailatul Qadr of Ramadan.The night of revelation of Quran in Ramadan is none other than Lailtul Qadr.
On Lialatul Qadr… angels descend and taqdeer is decided.. not on 15th Sha’aban.
Proof is in Surah Qadr
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّآ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهُ فِى لَيۡلَةِ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ (١
وَمَآ أَدۡرَٮٰكَ مَا لَيۡلَةُ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ (٢
لَيۡلَةُ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ خَيۡرٌ۬ مِّنۡ أَلۡفِ شَہۡرٍ۬ (٣
تَنَزَّلُ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ وَٱلرُّوحُ فِيہَا بِإِذۡنِ رَبِّہِم مِّن كُلِّ
سَلَـٰمٌ هِىَ حَتَّىٰ مَطۡلَعِ ٱلۡفَجۡرِ (٥
“Indeed, We sent the Qur’an down during the Night of Decree. (1) And what can make you know what is the Night of Decree?(2) The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months(3) The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter.(4) Peace it is until the emergence of dawn(5).”(Quran 97: Surah Qadr)
Lailtul Qadr is the night on which decree is decided.
Please re-read verse four:
“On that night is made distinct every precise matter.”
This is the verse which is talking about deciding of fate. and in Surah Qadr, the name itself is self explanatory, ” Qadr” – Taqdeer” The night of decree – \decree means “to decide”
And Allah says in this surah Qadr:
“The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for EVERY MATTER.”
Please visit the following link and read the tafsir of Surah Qadr from Tafsir Ibn Kathir.
Status of the narrations concerning specifying worships on this day
For concerning the virtue of praying, fasting and worshiping on the 15th Sha’aban (al-nusf min Sha’baan) does not come under the heading of da’eef (weak), rather it comes under the heading of mawdoo’ (fabricated) and baatil (false). So, this is not permissible to follow it or to act upon it, whether that is in doing righteous deeds or otherwise. More details can be read from
And Allah Knows the Best!